About Astana

14.08.2017 By admin.umaiana 0

Astana is the capital city of Kazakhstan. It is located on the banks of Ishim River in the north portion of Kazakhstan, within the Akmola Region, though administrated separately from the region as a city with special status. The 2014 census reported a population of 835,153 within the city limits, making it the second-largest city in Kazakhstan, behind Almaty.

Astana
Capital City
Clockwise from top: Astana Downtown skyline and Bayterek Tower, Kazakhstan Central Concert Hall, Khazret Sultan Mosque, L.N.Gumilyov Eurasian National University, Nazarbayev University, Palace of Peace and Reconciliation, Khan Shatyr
Flag of Astana
Flag Coat of arms of Astana
Coat of arms
Astana is located in Kazakhstan AstanaAstana
The location of Astana in Kazakhstan
Coordinates: 51°10′N 71°26′E
Country Kazakhstan
Established in 1830 as Akmoly
Renamed in 1832 to Akmolinsk
Renamed in 1961 to Tselinograd
Renamed in 1992 to Akmola
Renamed in 1998 to Astana
Government
• Type Mayor–Council
• Body City Council of Astana
• Mayor Asset Issekeshev
Area
• Total 710.2 km2 (274.2 sq mi)
Elevation 347 m (1,138 ft)
Population (22 June 2015)
• Total 860,368
• Density 1,081.5/km2 (2,801/sq mi)
Time zone ALMT (UTC+6)
Postal code 010000–010015
Area code(s) +7 7172
ISO 3166-2 AST
License plate 01, Z
Website astana.gov.kz
Founded in 1830 as a settlement of Akmoly (Kazakh: Ақмолы, lat. Aqmolı) or Akmolinsky prikaz (Russian: Акмолинский приказ), it served as a defensive fortification for the Siberian Cossacks. In 1832 the settlement was granted a town status and renamed Akmolinsk (Russian: Акмолинск). On 20 March 1961 the city was renamed Tselinograd (Russian: Целиноград) to mark the city’s evolution as a cultural and administrative center of the Virgin Lands Campaign. In 1992 it was renamed Akmola (Kazakh: Ақмола), the modified original name meaning “a white grave”. On 10 December 1997 Akmola replaced Almaty as the capital of Kazakhstan. On 6 May 1998 it was renamed Astana, which means “the capital city” in Kazakh.

Modern Astana is a planned city, like Brasília in Brazil, Canberra in Australia, Huambo in Angola, Milton Keynes, UK and Washington, D.C. in the United States. After Astana became the capital of Kazakhstan, the city cardinally changed its shape. The master plan of Astana was designed by Japanese architect Kisho Kurokawa. As the seat of the Government of Kazakhstan, Astana is the site of the Parliament House, the Supreme Court, the Ak Orda Presidential Palace and numerous government departments and agencies. It is home to many futuristic buildings, hotels and skyscrapers. Astana also has extensive healthcare, sports and education systems.